The western ghats pdf file

This ebook provides information about 277 species of butterflies found in western ghats part of india. Origin and mouth of brahmaputra and its tributaries. Kasturirangan committee report on western ghats pdf 15 apr submission certificate of the report of hlwg i. A chain of mountains running parallel to indias western coast, approximately 3050 km inland, the ghats traverse the states of. Wikimedia commons has media related to wildlife sanctuaries of the western ghats. Early civilizations of ancient india the earliest civilization to develop in india started around 2,600 bce in the large area of the indus river valley. Record of gaur bos gaurus from the isolated coastal.

With less than 6 percent of the land area of india, contains more than 30 percent of all plant, fish. The mountain range that runs along the west coast of peninsular india from tamil nadu through kerala, karnataka and goa to maharashtra is known as the western ghats and is well known for its. Just as with the rivers of egypt and mesopotamia, the indus river provided plentiful water for farming and fishing. Aug 22, 2019 madhav gadgil report on western ghats pdf report of the wgeep iii. Native coffee agroforestry in the western ghats of india. The western ghats lies with the sahyadri mountains ranges along the western side of india and separates the deccan plateau from a narrow coastal plain of the arabian sea. List of indian rivers and their origin, tributaries. Madhav gadgil the western ghats ecology expert panel by the ministry of environment and forests of the the report embodies. Here are 12 monsoon road trips we have listed for experiencing the monsoon in western ghats at its best. Huge diversity of natural, seminatural and agroecosystems. Jan 12, 2015 the western ghats is the home for about 50 million people belonging to the six states of the country. Preface ii iv constituted a western ghats ecology expert panel wgeep.

Wildlife sanctuaries of the western ghats wikipedia. The western ghats are internationally recognized as a region of immense global importance for the conservation of biological diversity, besides containing areas of high geological, cultural and aesthetic values. Introduction the western ghats sahyadri hills is formed by the malabar plains and the chain of mountains running parallel to indias western coast. Digital herbarium of angiospermic plants of western ghats. Ganges delta, bangladesh bay of bengal laisang peak, nagaland. Gadgil committee report on western ghats pdf madhav gadgil, submitted to the ministry of environment and forests, report of the western ghats ecology expert panel, part i. The western ghats is the home for about 50 million people belonging to the six states of the country. The species are concentrated mainly in the belt of western ghats the sahyadri starting from maharashtra, south of the tapti river, and running approximately 1,600 km through the states of maharashtra, goa, karnataka, kerala and tamil nadu ending at kanyakumari, at. It is believed that the sahyadri mountains have been created during the break up. Mountains western ghats the highest peak is anamudi 2965 mtrs above sea.

Eastern and western ghats of india read eastern and western ghats facts. We have done some and some have been suggested by our friends. For every species colour illustrations showing the upperside, underside, male and female, wherever dimorphic, are given. There are about major 50 dams along the length of the western ghats with the earliest project up in 1900 near khopoli in maharashtra. Butterflies of western ghats final draft the ebook can be downloaded free of cost and used on any smart phone or computer.

The eastern ghats are made up of charnockites, granite gneiss, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses and quartzite rock formations. Western ghats the eastern and western ghats are long mountain chains near the coasts of india. The eastern ghats are older than the western ghats, and have a complex geologic history related to the assembly and breakup of the ancient supercontinent of rodinia and the assembly of the gondwana supercontinent. Physical geography of kerala free download as powerpoint presentation. The economic benefits of such mass tourism are largely ill. The life supporting and biodiversity rich ecosystems of western ghats are threatened today due to habitat pressures. Western ghats india maps click on the western ghats to view it full screen. It is made as a simple pdf so that any species can be searched using. The two regions most vulnerable to landslides are the himalayas and the western ghats. This project covers prominent tree species and shrubs from 10 districts, located in western ghat regions of maharashtra, viz.

Across the western ghats, coffee agroforest area is slightly more than a quarter of the land area that is formally protected 16. Forest trees of the western ghats authored by neginhal s. Flowering plants of the western ghats efloraofindia. The deccan plateau stretches between these two mountain ranges. The shoreline of the country extends for 7,517 km and the longest river of the country is the holy.

Gadgil report and kasturirangan report related with the western ghats is since both the athirappilly of kerala and gundia of. Dec 05, 2018 kasturirangan committee report on western ghats pdf 15 apr submission certificate of the report of hlwg i. The western ghats and nilgiris are geologically stable but have uplifted plateau margins influenced by neo tectonic activity. This study focused on the assessment of antimicrobial. The western ghats are higher than the eastern ghats. Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and publishing site. S retd this book contains description of all forest trees in peninsular india and most of srilanka too. Western ghats the northern part of the western ghats is known as a sahyadri range b annamalai range c kardamakam range d neelagiri range. Dec 09, 2016 the western ghats are a major physiographic region of india. Pdf hydrological importance of sacred forest fragments.

They have steep slopes, narrow valleys, thick hardwood forests, and extremely heavy rains. Significance of tropical woods of western ghats of. Microorganisms free fulltext diversity and bioactive. The western ghats run parallel to the west coast of india for about 1600 kms in north.

Western ghats and occupies a wide array of natural forests. The western ghats, also known as sahyadri benevolent mountains, are a mountain range that covers an area of 140,000 square kilometres 54,000 sq mi in a stretch of 1,600 kilometres 990 mi parallel to the western coast of the indian peninsula, traversing the states of kerala, tamil nadu, karnataka, goa, maharashtra and gujarat. Madhav gadgil report on western ghats pdf report of the wgeep iii. The temporal and geological dimensions of the western ghats make it a significant study world over. An extremely useful field guide for general readers and nature lovers this book provides a list of more than 200 species of trees, herbs, and shrubs that can be found in the region, accompanied by over 400 color images this field guide is the result of the authors intense study of the flora of the southern western ghats as well as those of palni hills for several years. Seven new species of night frogs from the western ghats.

Western ghats receives an average of 3000 mm rainfall per annum and is a treasure house of exotic varieties of plants, a god given blessing to humanity. Hooper4, uma ramakrishnan1 and sushma reddy1,5 abstract. These hills cover an area of about 160,000 sq km starting. Pdf butterflies of western ghats second edition 2018 3. We bet that these drives will bring a smile to your faces. Western ghatssouthern gujarat gujarat is situated between latitude 200 07. The ongoing introduction of the exotic grevillea robusta tree species into agroforestry systems afs of the indian western ghats could become a threat to both climate change mitigation and tree diversity conservation here, we quantified carbon c storage and shade tree diversity in native forests and coffee afs under contrasted management native versus exotic shade trees, robusta versus.

It is made as a simple pdf so that any species can be searched using the search option. Toad radiation reveals intoindia dispersal as a source of. The geographical area of the state is 1,96022km2, which constitutes 5. Their positioning makes the western ghats biologically rich and biogeographically unique a veritable treasure house of biodiversity. Though the western ghats have shrunk by 25% over the past two decades, the environment. The western ghats mountain chains along the west coast of the peninsular india har ours a wide range of ha itats and represents a glo al hotspot of diversity and endemicity myers et al.

Western ghats biodiversity is a significant source of. The western ghats receive an average of 3000 to 4000 mm rainfall with occasional rainfall of 9000 mm. Why india must protect the western ghats from getting lost it could become a model for the entire country. The western ghats comprises the major portion of the western ghats and sri lanka hotspot, one of 34 global biodiversity hotspots for conservation and one of the two on the indian subcontinent. Phylogeography of kyasanur forest disease virus in india 19572017 reveals evolution and spread in the western ghats region skip to main content thank you for visiting. Global biodiversity hotspot extraordinarily rich in plant and animal species.

The quintessence of western ghats komin a tribute to sahyadri mountains the story of sahyadri mountain range also known as western ghats takes us to 150 million years ago. Sloth bear, being a large omnivorous animal showing a high adaptability to live in all the altitudinal gradients and vegetation types in the western ghats7, is the best surrogate species to address the conservation issues. Discovery of two new species of crotalaria leguminosae. Endemism is particularly marked among amphibians, with over 75% of subcontinent species restricted to this region alone 2, 3. Linking critical patches of sloth bear melursus ursinus. The kerala government has submitted to the centre its revised recommendations on demarcation of ecologically sensitive areas esas in the western ghats in.

Location is to be accurately selected in map, this will help others to know where the birds are located. Hydrological importance of sacred forest fragments in central western ghats of india article pdf available in tropical ecology 561 january 2015 with 263 reads how we measure reads. This pdf contains a link, not to the report, but to the disclaimer. Record of gaur bos gaurus from the isolated coastal forests of phansad wildlife sanctuary of the northern western ghats, india. Actinobacteria constitute one of the extremely interesting groups of microorganisms widely used as important biological contributors for a wide range of novel secondary metabolites. India is the seventh largest country in the world and covers a total area of 3,287,263 sq km. Research article open access two new genera of songbirds represent endemic radiations from the shola sky islands of the western ghats, india v. Pdf hydrological importance of sacred forest fragments in. The himalayas mountain belt comprise of tectonically unstable younger geological formations subjected to severe seismic activity. Media in category western ghats the following 59 files are in this category, out of 59 total.

The beautiful green valley is home to thousands of wild animal species including at least 325 globally threatened species. The western ghats 43 heavy precipitation, coupled with the steep westward slopes of the ghats has rendered this as an ideal location for the generation of hydroelectric power. This book is a valuable field guide for identifying forest trees in the western and eastern ghats, deccan plateau and mangroves in southern india. Tourism in forest areas of western ghatsjanuary 2011. The search for novel bioactive metabolites continues to be of much importance around the world for pharmaceutical, agricultural, and industrial applications. It is the source of water for the entire peninsular india, and also influences the monsoons. The western ghats, also known as sahyadri, are a mountain range that covers an area of 140,000 square kilometres in a stretch of 1,600 kilometres parallel to.

Scientists from india have discovered seven new frog species belonging to the night frogs genus. The western ghats ecology expert panel report has not been formally accepted by the ministry and that the report is still being analyzed and considered by the ministry. Digital herbarium of angiospermic plants of western ghats of. Gadgil committee report on western ghats pdf 31 aug panel members. Mar 09, 2016 the western ghats of southwestern india is one of the most densely populated of the 35 global biodiversity hotspots. Feb 15, 2018 the species are concentrated mainly in the belt of western ghats the sahyadri starting from maharashtra, south of the tapti river, and running approximately 1,600 km through the states of maharashtra, goa, karnataka, kerala and tamil nadu ending at kanyakumari, at the southern tip of india 1012, 15. The western ghats of india and highlands of sri lanka are a global biodiversity hotspot, i. India is second largest nation containing 5% of worlds biodiversity and 2% of the earth surface. Download difference between western ghats and eastern ghats notes pdf for upsc 2020. The western ghats ecology expert panel wgeep, also known as the gadgil commission the kasturirangan report seeks to bring just 37% of the western ghats under the. The western ghats is internationally recognized for its biological diversity that nurtures an impressive collection of indian wildlife. Though covering an area of 180,000km 2, or just under 6 per cent of the land area of india, the western ghats contain more than 30 per cent of all plant, fish, herpetofauna, bird, and mammal species found in india.

The western ghats hotspot is extraordinarily rich in species, especially plants. The western ghats, extending along the west coast of india, covers an area of 180,000 square kilometers figure 1. Phylogeography of kyasanur forest disease virus in india. Interrupted only by a 30km break, palghat gap in northern kerala. Hottest hotspots of biodiversity, species richness and endemism the western ghats. Two new genera of songbirds represent endemic radiations. What did his report say, and why did states object, leading to another in kerala, specifically, the kasturirangan committee had proposed an. This second pdf file has the text of the disclaimer which is. All birds seen in maharashtra, gujarat, goa, karnataka, tamilnadu and kerala states are eligible for this mission. The mountain range that runs along the west coast of peninsular india from tamil nadu through kerala, karnataka and goa to maharashtra is known. Traverses the states of gujarat, maharashtra, goa, karnataka, kerala and tamil nadu. Also read difference between western ghats and eastern ghats for upsc exam. Indias is an agricultural country and economic depends on.

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