Palatal rugae definition of palatal rugae by medical dictionary. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf. Shetty, mahabalesh and, premalatha k 2011 study of palatal rugae pattern among the student population in mangalore. Application of palatal rugae patterns for personal. Palatal rugoscopy, or palatoscopy, is the process by which human identification can be obtained by inspecting the transverse palatal rugae inside the mouth. Pr, are asymmetrical and irregular elevations of the mucosa in the anterior third of the palate, arranged in a. A pilot crosssectional study was carried out on 60 egyptian subjects and 60 malaysian subjects. Palatal rugae patterns have unique characteristics and have been proposed as an alternative method to establish identity when other means, such as fingerprints and. Translate palatal rugae to english online and download now our free translation software to use at any time. The study investigated the relationship of the palatal rugae to points and distances of the cleft palate during the time period from birth to early mixed dentition in subjects with unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate by means of threedimensional measuring system. Through our study, we feel that palatal rugae patterns will be of great use in the future of forensic odontology. Pdf assessment of palatal rugae pattern and their reproducibility. Palatal rugae may be an alternative identification mode when it is difficult to utilize fingerprints or dental records.
Palatal rugae and their role in forensic odontology. The level of evidence for the application of palatal rugae in dental identification was found to. Correlation coefficients among rugal and dental measures suggested an association between rugae changes and the underlying bony movements. Palatal rugae pattern is highly individual specific. Design and development of a palatal rugae based biometric identification system by essa a. Palatoscopy or palatal rugoscopy is the study of palatal rugae in order to establish a persons identity. The study of identical twins can point out potential limitations in biometrics and forensic odontology.
I declare that palatal rugae patterns in a sudanese population sample is my own work, that it has not been submitted before for any degree or examination in any other university, and that all the sources i have used or quoted have been indicated and acknowledged as complete references. Palatal rugae as a tool for human identification adisa. The medial aspects of the palatal rugae will then not be suitable landmarks for serial cast superimposition when rme and full fixed appliance therapy have been performed. Pdf forensic application of palatal rugae in dental. Kings college london, foyle special collections library. Study of palatal rugae pattern among the student population. The aim of this study was to identify and compare the rugae pattern of igbo and ikwerre populations in nigeria for human identification purposes. Instability of palatal rugae following rapid maxillary. Assessment of palatal rugae pattern and their reproducibility for application in forensic analysis divya shetty 1, achint juneja 1, anshi jain 2, kaveri surya khanna 2, neha pruthi 2, amit gupta 2, meenakshi chowdhary 1. Palatal rugae as an aid for personnel identification 1. Jun 24, 2015 palatal rugae as an aid for personnel identification 1.
Oct 18, 2015 however, since they cannot always be used, sometimes simple techniques can be used successfully in human identification, such as palatal rugoscopy, which is the study of the palatal rugae caldas et al. A pilot cross sectional study of palatal rugae shape and. Rugae that form a definite continuous ring were classified as circular. Research article palatal rugae biometric characteristics for. For this purpose, a special software was designed called palatal rugae comparison software prcs version 2. The accuracy rate of matching palatal rugae patterns before and after orthodontic. The accuracy rate of matching palatal rugae pattern for individual identification using the digital recognition image system was 100 %. Dec 17, 2015 palatal rugae retain their shape throughout life and hence can be useful as an identification tool. Palatal rugae are one of the simple methods used by a forensic dentist in human. A comparative study of palatal rugae patterns among igbo and. Alternatively, you can also download the pdf file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a pdf reader.
Significance of palatal rugae in orthodontics semantic scholar. In addition, show a significant association between shapes and ethnicity. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader if you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with pdfs, highwire press provides a helpful frequently asked questions about pdfs. A study of palatal rugae patterns and maxillary intercanine. The aim of the study is to investigate the potential of using palatal rugae as an aid for sex identification in bengaluru population. Palatal rugae for the construction of forensic identification. Palatal rugae pattern of an individual may be considered as a useful adjunct for sex determination for identification purposes. Palatal rugae patterns in a sudanese population sample. Palatal rugae were altered by rme in all dimensions in both linear and angular measurements, almost equally on right and left sides, albeit the average linear changes were about 1 mm. The initiation and termination points of rugae were marked on all 100 images of clinical photographs using ms paint version 5. Palatal rugae patterns as bioindicators of identification in. Palatine rugae and their significance in clinical dentistry. Design and development of a palatal rugae based biometric. Palatal rugae patterns as a bioindicator for forensic.
Palatal rugae contour has an important role in phonetics by production of linguo palatal sounds that involves the contact between. Aug 01, 2016 in complete denture prosthodontics, phonetics is one of the most important factors to be taken into consideration. To study the individuality of palatal rugae pattern like shape, direction and unification among the study population and to compare the rugae pattern among the. Association between direction patterns of palatal rugae. The palatal rugae that were larger were the sinuous mean 9. Pdf, numeric inspection data, annotated userdefined views, notes, and conclusions. Apr 07, 2008 read indication and limitations of using palatal rugae for personal identification in edentulous cases, forensic science international on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. This study was conducted to assess the accuracy of palatal rugae as a tool for human identification and to determine factors that may limit accuracy. Palatal rugae as an aid for personnel identification. This study investigates the practical usability of palatal rugae in establishing sex and identity in a pre mortem state and evaluating its.
Using a thermoplastic sheet to add palatal rugae to a. Palatal rugae, personal identification, forensic odontology, orthodontic movement. Application of palatal rugae morphology in forensic. Palatal rugae pattern of an individual is species specific and is said to be as unique as finger print. The aim of the present study was to investigate the stability of the medial aspects of the palatal rugae in subjects treated with rme followed by fixed appliance therapy. Palatal impressions were taken from the subjects and a rugogram was issued. Abstractidentification of individuals is a challenging task in forensic odontology. A total of 128 dental casts were registered in this study, in the age group of 3060 year. Assessment of palatal rugae pattern and their reproducibility. Assiri a dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctoral of philosophy in biomedical informatics department of biomedical informatics school of health related professions. Conversion of palatal rugae pattern to scanable quick response code in.
Replication of palatal rugae and incorporation in complete. The prominent ridges present on either side of the mid palatine raphe across the anterior portion of the palate constitute the rugae. Assessment of size, shape, and position of palatal rugae. Palatal rugoscopy was first proposed in 1932 by the spanish investigator trobo hermosa. Palatal rugoscopy implementation in forensic odontology a. Is palatal rugae pattern a reliable tool in individual identification. Research article open access palatal rugae patterns as an. The changes identified in the distances from the lateral palatal rugae points of the first and third rugae to the incisal. Analysis of palatal rugae morphology before and after. A tool for sex identification in forensic odontology. The results show that the rugae patterns contain related but not.
Identification of individuals using computer technique. Often complete denture wearers complain of improper pronunciation of certain words which is attributed to the rugae form and palatal contour. Palatal rugae are one of the simple methods used by a forensic dentist in human identification due to its transverse ridges, palatal rugae a finger print of oral cavity. To download the pdf, click the download link below. To evaluate the role of different morphological palatal rugae patterns palatal print as a tool for personal identification. Anteroposterior and transverse changes in the positions of. To analyze differences in the palatal rugae patterns and maxillary. The present study aimed at analyzing the differences in rugae pattern among kodavas and tibetan populations of coorg, india and to examine if there was a difference in the rugae pattern between males and females within each group. Palatal rugae pattern can be used for forensic identification of oral soft tissue and this study proposes a new means for the identification by coding of palatal rugae pattern based on the shape, quantity, location and distribution. Matching palatal rugae patterns before and after orthodontic treatment.
Pdf palatal rugae pattern in korean children and adolescents. This article is from journal of forensic dental sciences, volume 2. The analysis of the palatal rugae and their features can be used as a reliable guide to the forensic identification. Journal of indian academy of forensic medicine, 33 2. Sharad c purohit 1, vandana shah 2, bs manjunatha 3, keshav handge 2, n mahita reddy 2, and shital kumar gs 1. In addition, we studied the factors influencing its size, with subsequent comparison of the results between gender, using digital models. Palatal rugae have been proven to be useful as a means of individual identification. About the journal journal of indian academy of oral medicine and radiology julyseptember 2011. Palatal rugae patterns as an adjuvant to gender determination in forensic identification procedures in a paediatric population jaisingh r1 deshmukh s2 and srilatha kt3 1final year post graduate student in mds, department of pediatric dentistry, jss dental college and hospital, mysuru, karnataka, india. The present study was conducted from random sampling of university of port harcourt. Pdf abridged duplication of palatal rugae for complete. Palatal rugae a finger print of oral cavity open access. This will serve as a potential basis for advising national health policy formulation on human identification as forensic rugoscopy is unexplored in sub. Palatoscopyrugoscopy is the study of palatal rugae that.
Our research was aimed to analyze the pattern of palatal rugae in the adult population and the reliability of the palatal rugae. Palatal rugae definition of palatal rugae by the free. In complete denture prosthodontics, phonetics is one of the most important factors to be taken into consideration. Palatal rugae contour has an important role in phonetics by production of linguopalatal sounds that involves the contact between. Lysell 10 recorded an increase in primary ruga length from 5 to 10 years of age of 11 percent for boys and 9 percent for girls. The characteristics of the palatal rugae zone number of rugae, relief type, posterior limitation were investigated on the maxillary casts of 44 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate and 28 patients with bilateral clefts by means of reflex microscopy, a threedimensional, computerassisted, touchfree measuring system for the metrical registration and analysis of the parameters. Conversion of palatal rugae pattern to scanable quick.370 626 935 843 1488 1380 128 1438 247 972 1033 34 1585 963 1436 1042 905 479 1181 349 236 726 1192 1365 1254 885 928 1562 534 309 1207 723 1385 1118 219 1024 1166 904 895 682