Pdf groundwater pollution lab

In addition, you will participate in a hypothetical consulting exercise that replicates the role of a professional geologist seeking to delineate the threat of groundwater pollution. In this lab, we will look at some of the basic principles that govern the flow of groundwater. Water pollution, the release of substances such as chemicals or microorganisms and energy in the form of radioactivity or heat into surface and subsurface waters to the point where they interfere with beneficial use of the water or with the natural functioning of ecosystems. The dominant role of groundwater resources is clear and their use and protection is, therefore, of fundamental importance to human life and economic activity. You will be glad to know that right now groundwater pollution lab bread answers pdf is available on our online library. The guideline is aimed at professionals as a manual or reference material for. Chemicals that should be disposed of in hazardous waste landfills sometimes end up in municipal landfills. Pdf environmental risk of groundwater pollution by. Groundwater remediation techniques are mainly divided into two technologies. To demonstrate how water infiltration can carry pollutants underground. Once polluted, a groundwater body could remain so for decades, or even for hundreds of. Pollution can be defined as the change of physical, chemical and biological properties of water, restricting or preventing its use in the various applications. Some of the most important processes affecting hazardous substances in groundwater are advection, sorption, and biological degradation.

Water levels in the mine waste dump indicated occurrence of a losing stream during the period of peak stream flow as a result of snowmelt runoff, which posed the threat of groundwater pollution. Groundwater and soil pollution caused by pahs spills, mostly from the oil industry. Groundwater is the source of about 37 percent of the water that county and city water departments supply to households and businesses public supply. Groundwater quality and groundwater pollution thomas harteris uc cooperative extension hydrogeology specialist, university of california, davis, and kearney agricultural center. Trends in groundwater pollution groundwater governance. Soil and groundwater pollution assessment and delineation. Using pencil, contour the groundwater elevations using a contour interval of 0. This is because most of the water used by us is found in the ground. Contamination of soils and groundwater by petroleum. A med ingegneria laboratory company in italy using epa.

When you have completed this lab you should be able to. Ground water pollution by agriculture and pesticides. Vocs have been found both on and off laboratory property, while strontium90 and tritium contaminants are confined to the laboratory site. Ground water moves through the subsurface much like water on the ground surface, except that it travels a great deal more slowly. Groundwater flow and pollution lab producing wells. Contouring the water table is the surface of the saturated zone, below which all soil pores or rock fractures are filled with water. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext.

Each person is responsible for answering an equal share. Models are a simplification of reality to investigate certain phenomena or to predict future behaviour. Groundwater remediation is the process that is used to remove pollution fromgroundwater. You will be able to describe the effects of pollution on groundwater aquifers 1 how would these trees help with the air pollution. Landfills solid waste is disposed of in thousands of municipal and industrial landfills throughout the country. While sight is the most common and usually most practical method, other senses can play a part. Lab 2 water quality and contamination experiment 1. It is customary to think of groundwater as being more important in arid or semiarid areas. Make copies of the groundwater pollution worksheet, one per student.

To begin to address pollution prevention or reme diation, we must understand. Contamination has several possible pathways to reach groundwater including. Lilly and obtained his permission to release them to the county health department. Potential sources of groundwater contamination city of harbor. Anthropogenic groundwater contamination in texas aquifers, volume 1. Probably the greatest threat is exposure to undetected contamination. Such effects are, however, unaccounted for in the current design criteria. Groundwater pollution also called groundwater contamination occurs when pollutants are released to the ground and make their way down into groundwater. Groundwater will normally look clear and clean because the ground naturally filters out particulate matter. Groundwater is a vital resource that must be carefully managed. Click here for definitions concerning groundwater, or to learn more about its properties, its origin and quantities, its sources in europe. You will be able to describe the effects of pollution on groundwater aquifers.

Thus, properly identifying and protecting the areas affected by well pumping is important to maintain ground water quality. Numerical simulations of seasonally oscillated groundwater. Groundwater contamination an overview sciencedirect topics. Determine the direction of groundwater flow perpendicular to the contour lines and down the slope of the groundwater table, and draw an arrow that indicates flow direction. In response, this research was conducted to assess the potential for degrading the quality of underlying groundwater resources as they relate to. Methane is produced in nature by the decay of organic matter and. It will explain what methane is, how it can enter groundwater, how it can affect your health, and what you can do to prevent or reduce exposure to it. Innovative introduction to basic groundwater concepts and problemsolving. Groundwater flow problems may be solved quickly and easily with practice by sketching flow nets.

This study evaluated potential groundwater contamination with toxic metals in and around an abandoned zinc mine in korea. Groundwater and surface water interactions lab worksheet as you learned previously, observation involves use of the senses to gather information. Determining groundwater contamination lab table answers. The present work is aimed at assessing the water quality index wqi for the ground water of indore city and its industrial area. First, you will encounter an everyday groundwater flow scenario in which you are tasked with locating the source of groundwater pollution by inferring subsurface water flow. The above are some of the factors or causes of groundwater pollution. The gpg group is responsible for the longterm surveillance, monitoring, maintenance, operating, reporting, and community involvement. Mar 15, 2014 watch us perform a groundwater experiment to understand aquifers, saturation, and the water table. Water is polluted artificially by human activities or naturally due to salt water intrusion and others without human intervention. Ground water pollution simulation lab groundwater pollution. Groundwater pollution lab marcias science teaching ideas. Our handson kits have been developed by expert scientists and educators to incorporate cross cutting concepts, science and engineering practices and disciplinary core ideas. Many processes can affect how contamination spreads and what happens to it in the groundwater, potentially making the contaminant more or less harmful, or toxic.

Groundwater, which is in aquifers below the surface of the earth, is one of the nations most important natural resources. This type of water pollution can also occur naturally due to the presence of a minor and unwanted constituent, contaminant or impurity in the groundwater, in which case it is more likely referred to as contamination rather than pollution. Therefore, the potential exists for ground water contamination by arsenic in areas near cemeteries where burials were conducted from 1880 to 1910. Generally, the greater the distance between a source of contamination and a. Alternatively, this can be done at lab stations and each station can have all six samples. The groundwater protection group formerly know as the long term response action ltra group was formed in 2004 as part of the environmental protection division. Groundwater flow and pollution lab producing wells dry. Environmental risk of groundwater pollution by pesticide leaching through the soil profile. Groundwater protection group environmental protection. In the new reclaimed lands, agricultural and industrial activities may create different sources of pollution.

Guangdong provincial key laboratory of soil and groundwater pollution control, school of environmental science and engineering, southern university of science and technology, shenzhen, guangdong, 518055 china. Groundwater pollution lab bread answers pdf global secure online book groundwater pollution lab bread answers pdf if you serious looking for ebook groundwater pollution lab bread answers pdf. Most groundwater contamination originates at the land surface and is classified as either point source, for example from spills or an industrial site, or nonpoint source, for example from agriculturerelated compounds. The purpose of this lab is to become aware of how chemistry concepts learned in class can be used with a real world application pertaining to water quality. It is easy for the importance of groundwater in water supplies to be underestimated. Pollutants and contaminants can be removed from groundwater by applying varioustechniques thereby making the groundwater safe for use. To demonstrate how water infiltration can carry pollutants underground materials. Each person is responsible for answering an equal share each person is responsible for answering an equal share of the questions e. Lab 5 groundwater model 1 lab 5 groundwater model 2 grant ferguson. May 11, 20 pollution can be defined as the change of physical, chemical and biological properties of water, restricting or preventing its use in the various applications. You can door the books wherever you want even you are in the bus, office, home, and. Groundwater pollution sources apportionment in the ghaen.

The assessment of the ground water quality was carried out in the different wards of indore city. Wards groundwater pollution and spill assessment lab. Operable unit iv included groundwater contamination at bnls central steam facility. This document describes the procedures for collecting groundwater samples at minnesota pollution control agency mpca petroleum remediation program prp sites. The mission of the laboratory s groundwater protection program is to protect and restore the aquifer system at brookhaven national laboratory bnl. Then they predict the direction of groundwater flow using mathematical modeling. A laboratory simulation of the potential groundwater. Trouble in fruitvale developed by sepup exploring earth science concepts such as the water cycle, map making and interpretation, and groundwater pollution is the objective of this module. Lab 5 groundwater model 2 ground water pollution notes for mr.

Producing and dry wells the cartoon below shows a confined aquifer and a number of wells ad. These concepts are used in an investigation of groundwater contamination in the fictional city of fruitvale. When ground water becomes contaminated, it is difficult and expensive to clean up. All about pdf files build your own aquifer pdf 2pp, 237k a class activity to illustrate how water is stored in an aquifer, how groundwater can become contaminated, and how this contamination ends up in the drinking water well. Ultimately, students should get a clear understanding of how careless use and disposal of harmful contaminants above the ground can potentially end up in the. View the article pdf and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. The chief chemist at winston reported these results to mr. Exploring earth science concepts such as the water cycle, map making and interpretation, and groundwater pollution is the objective of this module. Jun 03, 2009 in this activity, students build an aquifer model to look at point source and nonpoint source pollution.

Sources and effects of groundwater pollution earth eclipse. Assessing groundwater contamination university of saskatchewan geological engineer grant ferguson and his team are working to measure and model how. G roundwater quality comprises the physical, chemical, and biological qualities of ground water. Anthropogenic groundwater contamination in texas aquifers. This exercise uses an actual groundwater site as an example of how a geologist evaluates a hazardous waste spill.

These additional videos, nonpoint source contamination and point source contamination, offer additional help on how to use these activities in the classroom. You are provided with the subsurface data on the site and are asked to map the spill, find its source and determine how fast the spill is spreading. View lab report ground water pollution simulation lab from phys 111 at rowan university. In addition, the disposal of many household wastes is not regulated. The analysis revealed high levels of barium that greatly exceeded the state drinking water standards. Each person will turn in a packet, but students may collaborate to answer questions. The county health department, concerned about contamination of. Pdf groundwater pollution and remediation researchgate. The explanation of why you can receive and acquire this determining groundwater contamination lab table answers sooner is that this is the photo album in soft file form. Let us help you to identify activity kits to meet your specific next generation science standards ngss needs. Groundwater modelling is an efficient tool for groundwater management and remediation. Groundwater sample collection and analysis procedures.

Groundwater contamination this demonstrative exhibit shows the effects of how a leak in a subterranean containment tank led to groundwater. This fact sheet provides answers to questions about methane in drinking water. A laboratory simulation of the potential groundwater contamination associated with burial materials by suzanne toinette sunette van allemann student no. Well drilling and development the process of drilling and developing groundwater monitoring wells will. Other common elements of field investigations include field work, laboratory. But, natural and humaninduced chemicals can be found in groundwater. Methane ch4 is a colorless, odorless, flammable gas used as a fuel to heat homes. Set up a classroom supply station with the six samples clearly labeled, a teaspoon and a water source for part i. This is an original 22 page unit on groundwater, fresh water, salt water and pollution, for grades 912. Pollution prevention preventing the potential pollution of groundwater at the source. Find out here how the year 3 team at hillcrest normal school used our resources to teach about groundwater and pollution.

This station can also have all of the treatment methods for part ii. The ground water samples of all the selected stations from the wards were collected for a physiochemical analysis. When giving your observations, please answer in complete sentences. To discover the source of a groundwater contamination plume by simulating groundwater testing. By the end of this activity, students should be able to. It applies to temporary and permanent monitoring wells, as well as water. The following activities are comprised of educational lessons, vocabulary words, and instructions for an activity relating to the topic. Contamination of soils and groundwater by petroleum hydrocarbons and volatile organic compounds case study. Lesson 4, groundwater detectives activity groundwater pollution worksheet 2 now, we are going to predict how fast it will take for the contaminant to reach community a using the diagram below. Pdf on jan 1, 2003, mandeep singh and others published groundwater pollutionan overview find, read and cite all the research you.

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